Chek Lap Kok
|Location||North of Lantau Island|
|Area||3.02 km2 (1.17 sq mi)|
|Length||4 km (2.5 mi)|
|Chek Lap Kok|
|Literal meaning||Red Perch Cape|
Chek Lap Kok is an island in the western waters of Hong Kong's New Territories. Unlike the smaller Lam Chau, it was only partially leveled when it was assimilated via land reclamation into the 12.48 square kilometres (4.82 sq mi) island for the current Hong Kong International Airport, which opened for commercial aviation in 1998. The airport is popularly referred to as Chek Lap Kok Airport to distinguish it from the former Hong Kong International Airport, now commonly known as Kai Tak Airport (啟德機場).
Hong Kong SkyCity, a business and entertainment complex, is also located on Chek Lap Kok. It includes AsiaWorld–Expo, a convention and exhibition centre, which opened in 2005. Cathay Pacific City, the head office of Cathay Pacific; HAECO, and formerly Hong Kong Airlines are also located on the airport platform.
The name of the island may be derived from the bareness of the island ('da chek lak'), that the shape of the island resembles the red tripletail Perch ('chek lap', 赤鱲), or that the fish was once abundant in its vicinity.
The island is located north of Lantau Island off Ma Wan Chung and Tung Chung. Before the building of the airport platform, it was a small and hilly island, about 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) long, with an area of 3.02 square kilometres (1.17 sq mi) (other sources mention 2.8 square kilometres (1.1 sq mi)). The southern end of the island formed a small peninsula, which has been left largely undeveloped. This area is facing Tung Chung and is now named Scenic Hill. It is the site of the Ancient Kiln Park and the Airport Island Angle Station of the Ngong Ping 360 cable car.
During the 19th and 20th centuries, the inhabitants of the island practised farming, including rice cultivation, and quarrying. They numbered about 200 in the 1950s, rising sharply in the 1960s. The population later declined, with some 20 families remaining on the island when the plan for the construction of a new airport was announced in the early 1990s.
The original farming and fishing villages on the island were relocated to Chek Lap Kok New Village (赤鱲角新村) near Tung Chung on Lantau Island. A Tin Hau Temple had been built in 1823 at the north east of the island. The entire temple was built of granite quarried on the island. It was dismantled in 1991 and rebuilt in 1994 at its present location.
Also, Romer's tree frog (Philautus romeri), a unique species of finger-sized frog found only in Hong Kong, was relocated from Chek Lap Kok to new habitats on Lantau Island before construction of the airport.
A third runway at Hong Kong Airport is being built as part of the Hong Kong International Airport Master Plan 2030.
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Hong Kong Aircraft Engineering Co. Ltd. (HAECO Group) 80 South Perimeter Road Hong Kong International Airport Lantau, Hong Kong
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- Map of Chek Lap Kok showing Scenic Hill Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Tung Chung - Ngong Ping Cable Car Project: Cultural Heritage Impact Assessment, March 2003
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- Presentation of the Tung Chung Cable Car Project, 31 March 200
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- "Antiquities and Monuments Office: Chek Lap Kok Island and its history. Modern Period". Archived from the original on 2012-10-17. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- Robert Esser, Chek Lap Kok: project synopsis as of 20 May 1991 Archived March 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Geology of Chek Lap Kok. Chapter 8. 1994" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-18. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- "Exploring Islands - Tung Chung". Archived from the original on 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
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- "Monthly Means of Meteorological Elements for Hong Kong International Airport, 1998-2015: Cold/Hot Weather and Rainfall statistics". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
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