W. S. Van Dyke

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W. S. Van Dyke
Photo of W. S. Van Dyke wearing a hat
Born
Woodbridge Strong Van Dyke II

(1889-03-21)March 21, 1889
DiedFebruary 5, 1943(1943-02-05) (aged 53)
Cause of deathSuicide
Resting placeForest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale)
NationalityAmerican
Other namesOne Take Woody
OccupationFilm director, writer
Years active1915–42
Spouse(s)
Zina Ashford
(m. 1909; div. 1935)

Ruth Mannix
(m. 1935⁠–⁠1943)
Children3 (Woodbridge Strong Van Dyke Jr., Barbara Laura Van Dyke, Winston Stuart Van Dyke)

Woodbridge Strong Van Dyke II (Woody) (March 21, 1889 – February 5, 1943) was an American film director and writer who made several successful early sound films, including Tarzan the Ape Man in 1932, The Thin Man in 1934, San Francisco in 1936, and six popular musicals with Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald. He received two Academy Award nominations for Best Director for The Thin Man and San Francisco, and directed four actors to Oscar nominations: William Powell, Spencer Tracy, Norma Shearer, and Robert Morley.[1] Known as a reliable craftsman who made his films on schedule and under budget, he earned the name "One Take Woody" for his quick and efficient style of filming.

Early life[edit]

Van Dyke was born on March 21, 1889 in San Diego, California.[2] His father was a superior court judge who died the day his son was born.[3] His mother, Laura Winston, returned to her former acting career.[3][4] As a child actor, Van Dyke appeared with his mother on the vaudeville circuit with traveling stock companies.[3] They traveled the west coast and into the Middle West. When he was five years old, they appeared at the old San Francisco Grand Opera House[5] in Blind Girl.[4] He would later remember his unusual education,

I think I've been to school in every state in the Union. Whenever the company stopped off long enough in any city I went back behind a school desk. The rest of the time my mother taught me.[4]

When Van Dyke was fourteen years old, he moved to Seattle to live with his grandmother.[3] While attending business school, he worked several part-time jobs, including janitor, waiter, salesman, and railroad attendant.[3] Van Dyke's early adult years were unsettled, and he moved among jobs. On June 16, 1909, he married in Pierce, Washington, Zine Bertha Ashford (November 3, 1887 - October 2, 1951), actress "Zelda Ashford", and the two joined various touring theater companies, finally arriving in Hollywood in 1915.[3][6][7]

Career[edit]

In 1915, Van Dyke found work as an assistant director to D. W. Griffith on the film The Birth of a Nation.[2] The following year, he was Griffith's assistant director on Intolerance.[3] That same year he worked as an assistant director to James Young on Unprotected (1916), The Lash (1916), and the lost film Oliver Twist, in which he also played the role of Charles Dickens.[3]

In 1917, Van Dyke directed his first film, The Land of Long Shadows, for Essanay Studios.[2] That same year he directed five other films: The Range Boss, Open Places, Men of the Desert, Gift O' Gab, and Sadie Goes to Heaven. In 1927, he traveled to Tacoma to direct two silent films for the new H.C. Weaver Productions: Eyes of the Totem and The Heart of the Yukon (the latter is considered a lost film). According to Tim McCoy in his autobiography, Van Dyke, who directed him in "War Paint" and five others for MGM in the late 1920s, was eventually to become a giant among Hollywood's creative geniuses. McCoy went on to say, "For in addition to being annoyingly arrogant, maddeningly self-opinionated, damned sure of himself and utterly ruthless, Van was truly a great director."[8] McCoy went on to say, "he (Van Dyke) evidenced a degree of concern for my well-being on a par with the level of compassion that might have been exhibited by a nineteenth-century Arab slaver herding a batch of the lately damned across the equator." He then told a similar story that Robert Cannom's Van Dyke biography mentioned in some detail but lacking Cannom's sugar-coated retelling. An extra fired a blank round too close to McCoy's face, knocking him off his horse and caused pain and a wound needing hospitalization. McCoy said that Van Dyke cursed him soundly for falling off his horse and ruining the shot. He asked him if he was ready for another shot and then cautioned McCoy "to try to do it right."[9]

During the silent era he learned his craft and by the advent of the talkies was one of MGM's most reliable directors. He came to be known as "One-Take Woody" or "One-Take Van Dyke", for the speed with which he would complete his assignments. MGM regarded him as one of the most versatile, equally at home directing costume dramas, westerns, comedies, crime melodramas, and musicals.

Many of his films were huge hits and top box office in any given year. He received Academy Award for Best Director nominations for The Thin Man (1934) and San Francisco (1936). He also directed the Oscar-winning classic Eskimo (also known as Mala the Magnificent), in which he also has a featured acting role.

His other films include the island adventure White Shadows in the South Seas (1928); its follow-up, The Pagan (1929); Trader Horn (1931), which was filmed almost entirely in Africa; Tarzan the Ape Man (1932); Manhattan Melodrama (1934); and Marie Antoinette (1938). He is perhaps best remembered, however, for directing Myrna Loy and William Powell in four Thin Man films: The Thin Man (1934), After the Thin Man (1936), Another Thin Man (1939), and Shadow of the Thin Man (1941); and Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy in six of their greatest hits, Naughty Marietta (1935), Rose Marie (1936), Sweethearts (1938), New Moon (1940) (uncredited because halfway through filming Robert Z. Leonard took over), Bitter Sweet (1940), and I Married an Angel (1942).

The earthquake sequence in San Francisco is considered[by whom?] one of the best special-effects sequences ever filmed.[citation needed] To help direct, Van Dyke called upon his early mentor, D. W. Griffith, who had fallen on hard times. Van Dyke was also known to hire old-time, out-of-work actors as extras. Because of his loyalty, he was much beloved and admired in the industry.

Van Dyke was known for allowing ad-libbing (that remained in the film) and for coaxing natural performances from his actors. He made stars of Nelson Eddy, James Stewart, Myrna Loy, Johnny Weissmuller, Maureen O'Sullivan, Eleanor Powell, Ilona Massey, and Margaret O'Brien. He was often called in to work a few days (or more), uncredited, on a film that was in trouble or had gone over production schedule.

Van Dyke was commissioned a captain in the United States Marine Corps Reserve in 1934. On September 13, 1935 he was promoted to the rank of major in the reserves.[10] Prior to WW2 the patriotic Van Dyke set up a Marine Corps Reserve recruiting office in his own office at MGM. His rank of major often showed up in his later film credits and he was influential in encouraging other MGM stars to join the military during the early days of the war to include Clark Gable, James Stewart, and Robert Taylor.[11][12]

Final years and death[edit]

By 1933 Van Dyke had a 3 12 acre estate in Brentwood, California, 334 South Bundy Drive, Los Angeles, California,[13] which he added on to several times to accommodate his collection of artifacts from world travel and allow large groups of friends for entertainment purposes.[12] The house was razed by the early 1960s and the grounds were converted by 1965 into a cul-de-sac named Rose Marie Lane with eight large sized homes.

In the latter half of 1942, despite being ill with cancer and a bad heart, Van Dyke managed to direct one last film, Journey for Margaret, which premiered in New York City on December 17 that year.[14][15] It is a heart-rending movie that made 5-year-old Margaret O'Brien an overnight star.

Van Dyke, a devout Christian Scientist, had refused most medical treatments and care during his final years. Following the general release of Journey for Margaret to theaters in January 1943, he said his goodbyes to his wife Ruth Elizabeth Mannix, his three children, and to studio boss Louis B. Mayer and then committed suicide on February 5 in Brentwood, Los Angeles.[1][16] Both Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy, in accordance with Van Dyke's wishes, sang and officiated at his funeral.

His cremated remains are interred at Glendale's Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, with those of his mother, Laura Winston Van Dyke in the Great Mausoleum, Columbarium of the Sanctuaries, Niche 10212.[17]

W. S. Van Dyke's mother, Laura Winston Van Dyke, was an enthusiastic genealogist and made sure he had known his own family history.[18] He subsequently joined a number of male hereditary societies based in Los Angeles. He was a member of the National Society Sons of the American Revolution having joined on September 22, 1933, No. 53277, California Society No. CA 1707 based on a documented direct descent from John Honeyman, 1729–1822, aide to General James Wolfe in the French and Indian Wars and later a spy for George Washington during the Revolution.[19] That same year, 1933, he joined the Sons of the Revolution in the State of California on the same documented descent from John Honeyman, Membership No. 1847.[20] He also became a member of the Order of Founders and Patriots, No. 7141, CA 48, in 1933 documenting descent from Jan Van Dyke, 1709–1778, and Thomasse Janse Van Dyke, 1581–1665. Van Dyke ultimately was invited to become a life member in the most difficult to join, Society of Colonial Wars, #8634, California Society #397, admitted January 23, 1934. He joined on a direct descent from Capt. Jan Janse Van Dyke, 1652–1736, and Governor William Leete, 1613–1683.[21][22] Van Dyke was admitted to membership in the Barons of Runnymede, now known as Baronial Order of Magna Charta in January 1935, Member No. 441, and Military Order of the Crusades in December 1935, Member No. 13 both based on a descent from Governor Thomas Dudley of Massachusetts.[23]

Legacy[edit]

Van Dyke and his career were the subject of a 424-page well detailed biography published in 1948 by Robert C. Cannom which made use of extensive interviews with Van Dyke's co-workers and had the complete cooperation of Metro Goldwyn Mayer. The author was allowed full access to Van Dyke's files and photographs archived with the studio in Culver City, CA.[24]

January 20, 1937, Van Dyke and Clark Gable had their signature, hand and shoe print impressions cast in greenish cement at Grauman's Chinese Theater on Hollywood Boulevard.[25]

On February 8, 1960, Van Dyke received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contribution to Motion Pictures, at 6141 Hollywood Boulevard.[26][27]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Category Film Result
1934 Academy Award Best Film Editing (Conrad A. Nervig) Eskimo / Mala the Magnificent Won
1935 Academy Award[28] Best Director The Thin Man Nominated
1936 Venice Film Festival Best Foreign Film San Francisco Nominated
1937 Academy Award[29] Best Director San Francisco Nominated
1938 Venice Film Festival Best Foreign Film Marie Antoinette Nominated

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "W. S. Van Dyke Dies, Film Director, 53". The New York Times. February 6, 1943. Retrieved July 17, 2009. Woodbridge Strong Van Dyke 2d, motion-picture director, died at his home in Brentwood shortly before noon today. His age was 53 ...
  2. ^ a b c Barson, Michael. "W. S. Van Dyke". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "W S Van Dyke". Hollywood's Golden Age. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Mayer, Alicia (December 24, 2012). "W.S. Van Dyke: the trusted director ..." Hollywood Essays. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  5. ^ "War Memorial Opera House" (PDF). verplanck consulting. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-04-13. ...the Wade (later Grand) Opera House. Located on the north side of Mission Street, just west of Third Street, the Grand Opera House perished in 1906, along with most of the city's other opera houses, including the Tivoli Opera House and the Orpheum Theater.
  6. ^ Washington State Archives.
  7. ^ California Death Index.
  8. ^ Tim McCoy Remembers the West, Tim McCoy and Ronald McCoy, Bison Books, University of Nebraska Press, 1977, 1988, pg. 226.
  9. ^ Tim McCoy Remembers the West, pgs. 228–229.
  10. ^ USMC Muster Rolls, 1893–1958.
  11. ^ http://www.IMDB Data Base W. S. Van Dyke.
  12. ^ a b Van Dyke and the Mythical City of Hollywood (1948) Robert C. Cannom.
  13. ^ National Society Sons of the American Revolution Member No.53277,
  14. ^ Journey for Margaret, production and release information, American Film Institute (AFI), Los Angeles, California. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  15. ^ Journey for Margaret, "Original Print Information", Turner Classic Movies (TCM), Turner Broadcasting System, a subsidiary of Time Warner, Inc., New York, N.Y. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  16. ^ Erickson, Hal (2015). "W. S. Van Dyke". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on February 16, 2015. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  17. ^ Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Glendale, CA as Vandyke.
  18. ^ Van Dyke and the Mythical City Hollywood (1948) Robert C. Cannom.
  19. ^ NSSAR No. 53277, Record Copy on file with Ancestry.com.
  20. ^ History of the Sons of the Revolution in the State of California (1994) R. H. Breithaupt.
  21. ^ General Society of Colonial Wars Index of Ancestors and Members (2011).
  22. ^ Register of the Society of Colonial Wars in the State of California (2008) pg.102.
  23. ^ Tracy Coker, Registrar, BMOC www.magnacharta.com
  24. ^ Van Dyke and the Mystical City of Hollywood (1948) Robert C. Cannom.
  25. ^ Hollywood At Your Feet (1992) Stacey Endres and Robert Cushman, pg. 114.
  26. ^ "Woody Van Dyke | Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved 2016-08-19.
  27. ^ "W.S. Van Dyke". latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-08-19.
  28. ^ "The 7th Academy Awards, 1935". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
  29. ^ "The 9th Academy Awards, 1937". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved February 16, 2015.

External links[edit]