Idealized cognitive model

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An Idealized Cognitive Model, or ICM, is the name given in cognitive linguistics to describe the phenomenon in which knowledge represented in a semantic frame is often a conceptualization of experience that is not congruent with reality.[1] It has been proposed by scholars such as George Lakoff and Gilles Fauconnier.


  • George Lakoff (1987) Cognitive models and prototype theory, published at pp. 63–100 in Ulric Neisser (Ed.) Concepts and Conceptual Development: Ecological and Intellectual Factors in Categorization New York, Cambridge University Press.
  • Croft, William and Cruse, D. Alan (2004) Cognitive Linguistics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 28– 32


  1. ^ Lakoff, George (1987). Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things. Chicago: University of Chicago.