New Party (Taiwan)

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New Party

新黨
Xīn Dǎng (Mandarin)
Sîn Tóng (Hakka)
ChairmanWu Cherng-dean
Vice ChairmanLee Sheng-feng
FounderJaw Shaw-kong, Yok Mu-ming et al.
FoundedAugust 22, 1993
Split fromKuomintang
HeadquartersTaipei
IdeologyConservatism (Taiwan)
National conservatism
Social conservatism
Right-wing populism
Chinese unification
Political positionRight-wing[1] to far-right[2][3]
National affiliationPan-Blue Coalition
Legislative Yuan
0 / 113
Local Councillors
3 / 912
Party flag
Taiwannewparty.svg
Website
www.np.org.tw
New Party
Traditional Chinese新黨
Simplified Chinese新党
New Party Headquarters

The New Party (NP), formerly the Chinese New Party (CNP), is a Chinese nationalist political party in Taiwan (ROC).

History[edit]

The New Party was formed on 22 August 1993 out of a split from the then-ruling Kuomintang (KMT) by members of the New Kuomintang Alliance.[4] Members of the Alliance had accused KMT Chairman Lee Teng-hui of autocratic tendencies and moving the party away from Chinese reunification. Co-founders of the New Party included Chen Kuei-miao.[5] Originally, the party wanted to keep the name of the faction, but was prevented from doing so due to the similarity of names. The name "New Party" was seemingly inspired by the contemporary electoral success of the Japan New Party ("Nihon Shintō"; see Politics of Japan).

In the mid-1990s, the New Party attracted support from the KMT old guard as well as young urban professionals. The New Party was aided by former Finance Minister Wang Chien-shien and former Environmental Protection Administration Director Jaw Shaw-kong, who had charismatic and clean images.

In the 2000 presidential election, the party nominated writer and dissident Li Ao, who ran a spirited but token campaign. In the election, most members of the party supported former provincial governor James Soong, who ran as an independent candidate after losing the KMT nomination and subsequently being expelled from the KMT, and in fact both Li Ao and the New Party chairman Lee Ching-hua encouraged people to support him. In the 2001 Legislative Yuan election, the party only won 1 seat in Kinmen.

In the 2006 municipal elections, the New Party made significant gains, seating over a dozen members into public office. The New Party also gained four seats in the Taipei Mayor's private offices.

Since the 2008 Legislative Yuan elections, the New Party has not won any seats, while the party supported most of the KMT candidates.

Election results[edit]

Yok Mu-ming at the New Party rally in 228 Park.

Presidential elections[edit]

Election Candidate Running mate Total votes Share of votes Outcome
2000 Li Ao Elmer Fung 16,782 0.13% Lost Red XN
2020 Yang Shih-kuang

Legislative elections[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1995
21 / 164
1,222,931 13.0% Increase21 seats; Opposition Chen Kuei-miao
1998
11 / 225
708,465 7.1% Decrease10 seats; Opposition Chou Yang-shan
2001
1 / 225
269,620 2.9% Decrease8 seats; Governing coalition (Pan-Blue) Yok Mu-ming
2004
1 / 225
12,137 0.13% Steady; Governing coalition (Pan-Blue) Yok Mu-ming
2008
0 / 113
199,402 53.5% Decrease1 seats; No seats Yok Mu-ming
2012
0 / 113
10,678 0.08% Steady; No seats Yok Mu-ming
2016
0 / 113
510,074 4.18% Steady; No seats Yok Mu-ming
2020
0 / 113
147,303 1.04% Steady; No seats Yok Mu-ming

Local elections[edit]

Election Mayors &
Magistrates
Councils Third-level
Municipal heads
Third-level
Municipal councils
Fourth-level
Village heads
Election Leader
1994
province-level only
0 / 3
15 / 175
N/A N/A N/A Wang Chien-shien
1997-1998
0 / 23
10 / 886
0 / 319
N/A N/A Chou Yang-shan
1998
municipalities only
0 / 2
10 / 96
N/A N/A N/A Chen Kuei-miao
2001-2002
1 / 23
3 / 897
0 / 319
N/A N/A Hsieh Chi-ta, Levi Ying
2002
municipalities only
0 / 2
5 / 96
N/A N/A N/A Yok Mu-ming
2005
1 / 23
2 / 901
0 / 319
N/A N/A Yok Mu-ming
2006
municipalities only
0 / 2
4 / 96
N/A N/A N/A Yok Mu-ming
2009
0 / 17
0 / 587
0 / 211
N/A N/A Yok Mu-ming
2010
municipalities only
0 / 5
3 / 314
N/A N/A
0 / 3,757
Yok Mu-ming
2014
unified
0 / 22
2 / 906
0 / 204
0 / 2,137
0 / 7,836
Yok Mu-ming
2018
unified
0 / 22
2 / 912
0 / 204
0 / 2,148
0 / 7,744
Yok Mu-ming

National Assembly elections[edit]

Election Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1996
46 / 334
1,417,209 13.6% Increase46 seats; Opposition Chen Kuei-miao
2005
3 / 300
34,253 0.88% Decrease43 seats; Opposition (Rejecting amendments) Yok Mu-ming

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former Taiwan president blasted for remarks on island dispute". Inter Press Service. 10 August 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2020. On July 27, the chairman of Taiwan’s right-wing New Party, Yok Mu-ming quickly filed charges of treason against the 92-year-old over his remarks. China’s state-run Xinhua News Agency reiterated the charge in a July 29 editorial entitled “Lee Teng-hui a traitor to his homeland.”
  2. ^ Jean-Pierre Cabestan, Jacques deLisle, ed. (2014). Political Changes in Taiwan Under Ma Ying-jeou: Partisan Conflict, Policy Choices, External Constraints and Security Challenges. Routledge. p. 44. ... even more radical positions at the far left (TSU) or far right (NP) of the spectrum.
  3. ^ Fen-ling Chen, ed. (2000). Working Women and State Policies in Taiwan: A Study in Political Economy. Springer. The New Party, which split from the KMT in 1994, is a conservative party and on the far Right.
  4. ^ Tai, Y.C.; Liu, L.Y.; Lin, Lillian (22 August 2015). "New Party throws weight behind KMT in legislative election". Central News Agency. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  5. ^ Wen, Kuei-hsiang (2014-08-16). "New Party founder dies at 81". Focus Taiwan. Retrieved 2014-09-04.

External links[edit]