Padma Shri

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Padma Shri
Padma Shri medal suspended from its riband
TypeNational Civilian
Country India
Presented by
State Emblem of India
Government of India
RibbonIND Padma Shri BAR.png
ObverseA centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Shri" is placed below the lotus.
ReverseA platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
Established1954
First awarded1954
Last awarded2020
Total3005
Websitehttp://www.padmaawards.gov.in/ Edit this on Wikidata
Precedence
Next (higher)Padma Bhushan riband Padma Bhushan
Padma Shri award certificate

Padma Shri, (IAST: padma śrī) also spelt Padma Shree, is the fourth-highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan. It is awarded by the Government of India every year on India's Republic Day.[1]

History[edit]

Padma Awards were instituted in 1954 to be awarded to citizens of India in recognition of their distinguished contribution in various spheres of activity including the arts, education, industry, literature, science, sports, medicine, social service and public affairs. It has also been awarded to some distinguished individuals who were not citizens of India but did contribute in various ways to India.

The selection criteria have been criticised in some quarters with the claim that many highly deserving artists have been left out in order to favour certain individuals.[2][3] India has now created an online nomination platform for the common citizens to recommend the nomination for the annually given civilian "Padma" awards.[4]

On its obverse, the words "Padma", meaning lotus in Sanskrit, and "Shri", a Sanskrit-derived honorific equivalent to 'Mr.' or 'Ms.' (ie., "Noble One in Blossom"), appear in Devanagari above and below a lotus flower. The geometrical pattern on either side is in burnished bronze. All embossing is in white gold.

As of 2020, 3123 people have received the award.[5]

Refusals and controversies[edit]

Several intended recipients, including sitar player Vilayat Khan,[6] academic and author Mamoni Raisom Goswami,[7] journalist Kanak Sen Deka[8] and noted Bollywood screenwriter Salim Khan, have declined the Padma Shri for various reasons.[9] Some intended recipients, such as environmental activist Sunderlal Bahuguna[10] and English billiards champion Michael Ferreira,[8] have refused the honour but have subsequently accepted a more prestigious one such as the Padma Bhushan or Padma Vibhushan. Other individuals, such as author Phanishwar Nath 'Renu',[11] Punjabi author Dalip Kaur Tiwana[12] and noted poet Jayanta Mahapatra,[13] have returned the honour after initially accepting it.

Awards by decade[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Padma award's schema" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  2. ^ "Padma's Easy Slim Zone | Vrinda Gopinath". Outlookindia.com. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  3. ^ "Advani backs Merchant on Padma awards selection criticism". The Times of India. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Padma Awards Online Nomination". padmaawards.gov.in. Archived from the original on 16 September 2018. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Padma Awards | Interactive Dashboard". www.dashboard-padmaawards.gov.in. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  6. ^ Kaminsky, Arnold P.; Long, Roger D. (2011). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. p. 411. ISBN 978-0-313-37462-3. Archived from the original on 21 September 2017.
  7. ^ "Artistes' angst". The Hindu. 19 January 2003. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Refusal question mark on awards". The Telegraph - India. 28 January 2005. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  9. ^ "Salim Khan declines to receive Padma Shri". The Indian Express. 27 January 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  10. ^ "Noted activist Sunderlal Bahuguna turns 90". The Pioneer. 10 January 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Punjabi writer Tiwana to return Padma Shri". The Tribune. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  13. ^ "Jayanta Mahapatra returns Padma Shri protesting 'intolerance'". The Hindustan Times. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2018.

External links[edit]