Wikipedia:Today's featured article/May 27, 2005

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Senators occupy benches facing each other in the Senate Chamber

The Canadian Senate is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign and the House of Commons. The Senate is an unelected body, consisting of 105 members appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister. Senate seats are divided among the provinces, so that Ontario, Quebec, the Maritime provinces, and the Western provinces are equally represented. The Senate was established in 1867, when the British North America Act 1867 created the Dominion of Canada. Known as the "Upper House", the Senate, which meets at Parliament Hill, in Ottawa, Ontario, is far less powerful than the House of Commons (the "Lower House"). Although the approval of both Houses is necessary for legislation, the Senate very rarely rejects bills passed by the democratically elected Commons.

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