Harkes coaching FC Cincinnati in 2016
|Date of birth||March 8, 1967|
|Place of birth||Kearny, New Jersey, United States|
|Height||5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)|
|Greenville Triumph SC (head coach)|
|1995–1996||→ West Ham United (loan)||12||(0)|
|1999||→ Nottingham Forest (loan)||3||(0)|
|1999–2001||New England Revolution||55||(2)|
|2006–2007||New York Red Bulls (assistant)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
A member of the National Soccer Hall of Fame, Harkes was the first American ever to play in the English Premier League with Sheffield Wednesday, the second American to score at Wembley Stadium, and the first American soccer player to appear in the final of a major English tournament, in the 1991 Football League Cup Final with Sheffield Wednesday. After moving to Major League Soccer in 1996, he won two MLS Cup titles with D.C. United.
A mainstay in the U.S. national team midfield for most of the 1990s, Harkes appeared in two FIFA World Cup tournaments. He was named the team's "Captain for Life" by then-head coach Steve Sampson before having that title stripped from ahead of the 1998 World Cup. Harkes ended his national team career with 90 caps and 6 goals.
Harkes graduated from Kearny High School in 1985. During his high school career, Harkes played in four New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association championship matches and led his team to the 1984 Group 4 State Championship and a 24–0 record. He was the 1984 Parade High School Player of the Year.
Harkes moved to Sheffield Wednesday of the English Football League in 1990. In a game that season against Derby County, his 35-yard blast glided into the net past former England World Cup goalkeeper Peter Shilton and earned him English football's "Goal of the Year" award. That season, Harkes became the second American (after Bill Regan for Romford F.C. in the 1948–49 FA Amateur Cup final) to play at Wembley Stadium when Sheffield Wednesday reached the 1991 League Cup final. There, the Second Division (now Football League Championship) Wednesday upset the First Division (now Premier League) side Manchester United 1–0. Also that year, Wednesday won promotion to the First Division.
In 1993, Harkes became the only American to score in a League Cup Final, in a 2–1 loss to Arsenal. His goal was the second by an American at Wembley Stadium following Mike Masters' goal for Colchester United in the F.A. Trophy Final the year before. He appeared in the FA Cup Final one month after that League Cup disappointment, with Sheffield Wednesday again losing to Arsenal (2–1 in the replay, after a 1–1 draw in the first game). Harkes played one more season in England after moving to Derby County in the summer of 1993. In 1995, Major League Soccer (MLS) began preparing for its first season, which it first thought would come in the fall of 1995. As part of that process, MLS signed prominent U.S. players to league contracts. Harkes was one of the players who signed with MLS, only to discover the league would not begin play until 1996. Therefore, he, and MLS, negotiated a one-year loan to West Ham United.
Major League Soccer: 1996–2003
In 1996, Harkes, along with his U.S. national teammates based overseas, returned to the U.S. for the launch of Major League Soccer. MLS had signed numerous prominent U.S. players and eventually allocated them throughout the league's teams in order to create an initial equitable distribution of talent. MLS allocated Harkes to D.C. United, making him the team's first player ever. That first season, he led the club to a MLS Cup win and a U.S. Open Cup title. D.C. United successfully defended its MLS Cup title in 1997, with Harkes assisting on the match-winning goal in the cup final.
Despite the disappointment of being left off the 1998 World Cup squad, Harkes helped United capture the Supporters Shield for the best regular season record in the league, before losing in the MLS Cup Final to the Chicago Fire. He also helped United become the first MLS club to win the CONCACAF Champions' Cup and upset Brazil's Vasco Da Gama in the Interamerican Cup.
At the end of the 1998 season, he traveled back to England for a two-week trial with Nottingham Forest. On January 28, 1999, the team accepted Harkes for a two-month loan period. He played only three games for Forest (including the infamous 8–1 defeat to Manchester United) before returning to the U.S. While he was in England, D.C. United traded him to the New England Revolution for the Revs first and second round 1999 MLS College Draft picks. United traded Harkes in order to make room under the salary cap.
Harkes played three seasons in New England before being traded to the Columbus Crew in the mid-season of 2001. After an injury-plagued 2002 season, Harkes announced his retirement in 2003.
Harkes made his national team debut on March 23, 1987 against Canada. He was on the U.S. team at the 1987 Pan American Games. He quickly established himself as a national team regular and was selected for the 1988 Olympics. That year the U.S. went 1–1–1 and failed to qualify for the second round. Harkes continued to play for the national team as it went through the qualification process for the upcoming World Cup. The team qualified for those games after an improbable 1–0 road victory over Trinidad and Tobago in the final qualification match.
In 1990, he was a member of a World Cup squad made up mostly of college and semi-professional players. The United States side was routed 1–5 by Czechoslovakia, but were respectable losing 0–1 to host nation and eventual semi-finalist Italy, and 1–2 to Austria. Despite losing all three matches, many players from the 1990 squad, including Harkes, Ramos, Meola, Marcelo Balboa and Eric Wynalda, formed the core of the U.S. national team for most of the decade and played an important role in the development of MLS.
U.S. fared better as the host nation in the 1994 World Cup, upsetting Colombia 2–1 in a group stage match to advance to the Round of 16. Harkes contributed to the Andrés Escobar own goal which arguably led to the Colombian defender's shooting death weeks later. Harkes delivered a cross from the left aimed at Earnie Stewart, which Escobar attempted to clear, but instead sent the ball past his goalkeeper.
However, Harkes missed the Round of 16 match against Brazil after receiving his second yellow card of the group stage against Romania, earning a one-match suspension. Brazil won the match 1–0 and went on to win the World Cup.
In Copa América 1995, Harkes led the United States, a guest team at the tournament, to a 3–0 upset of defending champion Argentina and a semi-final finish. He was named co-Most Valuable Player of the tournament, along with Uruguayan Enzo Francescoli.
1998 World Cup controversy
In 1996, before the beginning of the qualifying for the 1998 World Cup, head coach Steve Sampson named Harkes "Captain For Life", which meant Harkes would be the captain of the national team as long as he wished and Sampson was the coach. He responded by leading the team in assists in qualifying and helped the United States qualify for a third straight World Cup finals appearance.
However, Sampson controversially left Harkes off the World Cup squad, citing "leadership issues", although the decision was never fully explained at the time. The bitterness resulting from the omission and the irony of the "Captain for Life" title would serve as the inspiration for his autobiography, Captain for Life: And Other Temporary Assignments (ISBN 1-886947-49-X), co-written with Denise Kiernan and published in 1999. In the book, Harkes criticized Sampson for lacking "credibility to a group of guys who had hundreds and hundreds of caps among them" and "putting a huge amount of pressure on young, internationally inexperienced players", and concluded, "I can't think of one thing that Steve did right in the months leading up to the World Cup". The 1998 team lost all three games in the group stage, finishing last overall.
In February 2010 Sampson and former teammate Eric Wynalda revealed that an alleged affair between Harkes and Wynalda's wife, Amy, had prompted Harkes' sudden dismissal. Sampson confirmed Wynalda's claim in a 2016 podcast interview with Alexi Lalas.
Harkes was called up to the national team again by his former college coach, Bruce Arena in 1999, and helped the United States win the bronze medal in the Confederations Cup that year. He ended his international career in 2000 with 90 appearances.
|1||August 13, 1989||Los Angeles, California||South Korea||1–2||1–2||Friendly|
|2||February 24, 1990||Palo Alto, California||Soviet Union||1–0||1–3||Friendly|
|3||May 30, 1992||Washington, D.C.||Republic of Ireland||3–1||3–1||1992 U.S. Cup|
|4||May 6, 1992||Chicago, Illinois||Italy||1–1||1–1||1992 U.S. Cup|
|5||June 11, 1995||Boston, Massachusetts||Nigeria||1–1||3–2||1995 U.S. Cup|
|6||June 18, 1995||Washington, D.C.||Mexico||3–0||4–0||1995 U.S. Cup|
Off the field
In September 1997, Harkes prepared for the 1998 World Cup with an ill-advised trip to California that ultimately defined his legacy. In 2010, it was finally revealed by Eric Wynalda that former US national team manager Steve Sampson had cut Harkes from the 1998 World Cup team only two months prior to the tournament because Harkes had been having relations with teammate Eric's wife, Amy, in the couple's house, and near the playpen of their young child. Sampson became aware of the scandal and brewing feud between Wynalda and Harkes, and chose to cut Harkes to restore locker room accord. Despite intense criticism from the media and subsequent failure in the World Cup, Sampson remained silent regarding the true reason for Harkes' dismissal from the team out of respect for the privacy of those involved. Harkes himself would publish an autobiography in 1999 panning Sampson's tenure as manager, but made no mention of the affair.
He is the father of Lauren Harkes, who played collegiately at Clemson University, and Ian Harkes, who won the Hermann Trophy in 2016, played for John's old team, D.C. United, and in 2020 was playing for Dundee United in Scotland.
- "John Harkes Named Club's First Head Coach". Greenville Triumph SC. August 27, 2018. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
- "John Harkes Out as Lead ESPN US Soccer Analyst: Replaced by Taylor Twellman". Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 23, 2011.
- Bondy, Filip. "SOCCER; Harkes, Accent and All, Back for Tourney", The New York Times, June 6, 1993. Accessed March 28, 2011. "John Harkes, the pride of Kearny, N.J., rejoined the United States national soccer team this week to resuscitate his old mates in the U.S. Cup '93 opener today against Brazil in New Haven."
- Soccer Ruminations Recall Soccertown USA, The University News (Saint Louis University), April 28, 2005
- Yannis, Alex. "Cosmos Spirit Infuses 2 At Tournament Debut", The New York Times, June 2, 1989. Accessed December 17, 2007. "Harkes, who went to Kearny High School, has been the most industrious player for the Americans in their three World Cup qualifying games (1–1–1) thus far."
- Jandoli, Ron. "The Century's Best – Boys Soccer: Top 10 Players of each decade", The Star-Ledger, November 7, 1999, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 10, 2003, Accessed September 11, 2008
- "John Harkes – USMNT". US Soccer Players.
- Looking back: John Harkes Archived August 14, 2006, at the Wayback Machine mlsnet.com, September 28, 2005
- "D.C. deals Harkes to New England". CBS Sportsline. Associated Press. February 2, 1999. Archived from the original on May 5, 1999. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
- "USA - Details of International Matches 1980-1989". rsssf.com. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
- What the world is waiting for planetworldcup.com
- "Harkes dropped in '98 for allegations". ESPN. AP. February 3, 2010.
- Langdon, Jerry (June 14, 1999). "Bitter Harkes closes with blistering shots at Sampson". Soccer Times. Gannett News Service. Archived from the original on March 29, 2006. Retrieved May 31, 2006.
- Davis, Steve (February 3, 2010). "L'affair John Harkes: Details emerge on the once-U.S. captain's affair with Wynalda's wife". SB Nation.
- "Ep. 6 – 5/15/16 – Ibrahimovic to MLS & USA/Mexico 2026, Guest: Steve Sampson". ART19, Inc. May 15, 2016. Archived from the original on September 1, 2017. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
- Blum, Ronald (February 3, 2010). "John Harkes Affair? Soccer Captain Allegedly Slept With Teammate's Wife". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
- "Truth be told . . . 12 years later". Denver Post. February 3, 2010.
- "The Most Notorious Mistresses in Sports". Bleacherreport.com.
- "MLS Insider: John Harkes traces soccer's roots in historic Kearny, New Jersey". www.mlssoccer.com. Major League Soccer. December 27, 2014. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
- Dundee United: Ian Harkes leaves grandad speechless by Tannadice 'homecoming', BBC Sport, 15 January 2019
- Goff, Steven (January 6, 2017). "Ian Harkes wins Hermann Trophy as college soccer's best player". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
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